Generally no more than 20 Estonian children are adopted internationally each year worldwide, and referrals can take several years. Children available are generally special needs, where needs cannot be met in-country. In 2002, Estonia implemented the Hague Convention. In 2011, U.S. citizens adopted four children from Estonia.
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Travel required: Yes; Parents (both if married) must travel.
Convention Country?: Yes
Singles accepted: Yes; if divorced, ex-spouse must provide consent.
Other: Initial exit processing is done in-country (Tallinn); medical exam and visa in Helsinki, Finland. Applicants with ethnic ties to Estonia will be given preference. Three successive referral refusals will terminate the application. Same-gender married couples will not be considered.
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